Idrakas Dadašovas: "the most significant breakthroughs in IT take place at the intersection of technological field and humanities."

Published: 6 January 2016 y., Wednesday

Some ten years ago, the term information technology (IT) referred to a specific autonomous field encompassing computers, programming and the Internet. Today, however, IT is part of everyday lives of many people and its invasion does not seem to stop here.

Veidas has talked to Idrakas Dadašovas, the establisher and CEO of the Penki Kontinentai Group, about future trends in the field of IT.

VEIDAS: What are the three most evident trends in the field of information technology for the coming year?

IDRAKAS DADAŠOVAS: In the nearest future, I can see three clear directions in which the field of information and communications technology will develop: these are big data, cloud computing solutions and an increasing extent of cybercrime. All these three fields are closely interconnected, so those who will learn to make proper use of them will gain advantage over others due to their synergy.

Big data is information available to everyone. However, its volume today is enormous, because every person uses numerous devices that collect information on a daily basis. For example, smart phones not only record the dialed numbers or websites that you visit; they also keep track of the time spent on the specific websites, your likes in social networks, frequency and location of your workouts. More and more devices now collect biometric data: they can read fingerprints, recognize faces and measure heart rate. So big data offers a great number of useful insights; one simply needs to be able to see them.

Properly analyzed data could be of great assistance to businesses in correct decision-making or planning of effective development strategies. More and more companies are able to seize this opportunity, because a great number of open source tools for the management and analysis of big data have been introduced in the market recently. So in the coming years, those who are able to notice and take advantage of the opportunities offered by big data will win. This, however, will require the help of competent specialists capable of analyzing the data.

Processing of the data requires great computing capacities lacking in most average companies, so analysis tools are often based on cloud technology. The prediction is that by the end of 2016, about 50 percent of the major global companies will store critical information about their customers and consumers in cloud storages kept in third-party data centers. The trend is promoted by the possibility to save IT costs offered by cloud computing. Several years from now, the use of cloud solutions will become a mass phenomenon, especially among small and medium-sized companies; the growth of this business segment can exceed 80 percent a year. The growth of cloud sector marks transition to a new stage of development of the IT market.

However, the development and improvement of IT means that cybercriminals will also get better at what they do. The extent of damage done by cybercriminals will only increase in the near future. This trend will be fueled by several factors: growing popularity of cloud solutions, increasing use of smart phones and tablet PCs for work and the resulting new ways of breaking in. Computer security will gain an increasing importance to all organizations and will receive more and more attention. I believe that in the near future we will witness growth of insurance against cyber risks. Protection against such attacks cannot be trivial; multilayer tools will be required here, especially in view of the rapid development of such fields as artificial intelligence or deep learning.

VEIDAS: Let's take a look further into the future: how, in your opinion, will the world change due to technology in ten years?

I.D.: Without rapid information technology development, modern world would not be the way we are used to seeing it now. Since the end of the twentieth century up to the present day, this segment witnessed incredible breakthrough; one simply has to look around to see this. In the future, computing capacity of personal computers will reach the level of that of the human brain, while wireless Internet connection will cover large territories.

One should also keep in mind virtual and augmented reality tools, which have been gaining more and more popularity recently. People will no longer take their eyes away from the screens displaying continuous flows of various types of information. And all these flows will be individualized on the basis of user profile, needs or status. People will spend substantial amounts of time in realistic virtual environments: they will work, communicate and have fun there. This will gradually eliminate boundaries between the real and virtual world; people will be continuously present in an integral information space. Artificial intelligence will enable automation of most of the routine operations and mental work. I do not believe that ten years from now, there will be universal artificial intelligence, but specialized artificial intelligence tools will be used in nearly all fields.

VEIDAS: Internet has opened doors for many new phenomena that have given rise to ethical concerns today, for example, maximum freedom of speech and trolling, convenient media use and piracy. What are your opinions regarding the Internet? Should it be controlled or should its development remain uncontrolled?

I.D.: Internet is a free territory. This includes the freedom of speech. Everything seems to be right on the one hand; on the other hand, this freedom has a potential of becoming a source of negative behavior. Online, you can say whatever you want to anyone in the world; often, this will not affect you in any way. In the age of information wars, it is very difficult to draw the line between the freedom of speech and trolling; it is difficult to tell the truth from provocation.

Piracy is theft and pirates are thieves. When downloading books, music or movies from unlawful sources, you are actually stealing. The problem with computer piracy is that people do not associate this action with theft. Speed and ease of content distribution and the process of defeating content protection resemble a game, so no-one even bothers to think that they are appropriating someone else's property. After all, they have not seen the owner and penalties for such thefts are seldom imposed.

VEIDAS: What are the areas, in which Lithuanian IT sector is strong, and which ones should be strengthened in the future?

I.D.: In Lithuania, intellectual potential of people is being used for work in the field of information technology more actively. The country's workforce market has about 1.5 million specialists. Lithuania is among top five European countries, where young people strive to work in the IT sector. Our country can also boast the fastest public Wi-Fi and the fastest broadband Internet connection. This means that we have a very strong base and we should ensure effective cooperation between businesses and universities. This will allow focusing on the enhancement of competitiveness.

VEIDAS: What direction would you recommend to a young person who wishes to work in the field of IT or technology: should they look for a position in a large company or take risk and establish their own business?

I.D.: Learning is an integral part of activities of any person. The days when a programmer with excellent knowledge of one programming language could expect to be greeted with bread and salt by everyone are gone. Today, key breakthroughs in IT occur at the intersection of different specializations. Now, even a simple programmer must have knowledge not only of the language itself, but also of the operating principles of SQL server, and understand how operating systems, local networks or computer protection works. Programmers are also required to be familiar with some accounting or staff management basics. This trend will only grow in the future.

Specialists with narrow specialization and excellent knowledge of their field will also be in demand; however, they will also have to broaden their horizons, for example, by learning to work in a team or acquiring skills of selling their services and competences.

This is because modern information technology becomes increasingly more focused on people and less often on technological requirements. Information technologies have eventually stopped being mere technical tools and become more focused on non-computer people. Today, it is difficult to imagine a writer who does not use a computer in his or her work, even though some thirty years ago, most writers used typewriters.

As computer equipment becomes more focused on non-computer people, the need of specialists capable of understanding not only computer codes, but also expectations of the users begins to grow. The ability to use document or project management systems is equally as important as the knowledge of binary arithmetic. In this context, we can observe gradual convergence of specialists of exact sciences and humanities, physicists and lyrists. Therefore, the most interesting and promising projects occur at the intersection of different areas of human activities. Social networks, smart search systems, image recognition tools are some examples of such mixed projects.

Information technology development and its focus on non-computer people forces to look for new solutions to the same tasks. It becomes less and less common for heads of companies to tell programmers what to do and how to do it. IT specialists more often serve as on-call experts who advise on the necessary modifications as well as persons who should perform the task. This gradually increases not only the importance of IT staff in the planning of business processes, but their responsibility as well. Thus it is important for universities and other organizations offering education for IT specialists to develop their ability to get their priorities right and independently organize work processes, because this helps to control the quality of work results and compliance with deadlines.

VEIDAS: Thank you for the interview.

 

Šaltinis: penki.lt
Copying, publishing, announcing any information from the penki.lt portal without written permission of penki.lt editorial office is prohibited.

Facebook Comments

New comment

     

 


Captcha
 

Penki Kontinentai Presents One Team, One Group Campaign

Penki kontinentai which is a Lithuanian group of IT companies ran One team, one group image campaign, during which its employees told about their work and leisure activities. more »

BS/2 and VisionLabs introduce the next generation of interbank services

BS/2 and VisionLabs have announced a strategic partnership in creating the product line of interbank services for contactless identification. more »

International Conference of Banking and Retail Technologies IN TOUCH BAKU 2017

Diebold Nixdorf, the world's largest banking equipment manufacturer, and BS/2 held an international conference IN TOUCH BAKU 2017. more »

Bankers and Financiers Competed For the BFI Tennis Cup For the 10th Time Already

The SEB bank team with the score of 67 points, turned out to be the winner of the BFI CUP. more »

Lithuanian ATMeye.iQ Software Installed into 9,000 U.S. ATMs

ATMs serviced by one of the U.S. largest banking and retail equipment supplies and maintenance networks will be equipped with software developed by the Lithuanian BS/2 company. more »

Skynet Fiber Optic Network Celebrates its 19th Anniversary

Everything changed 19 years ago, when the first ever fiber optic Internet appeared in Lithuania. more »

Penki Kontinentai Wins Again in "Blossoming Vilnius" Contest

For the second year in a row, the Vilnius municipality has awarded the Penki Kontinentai group of companies in the "Blossoming Vilnius" contest for the design of the territory. more »

The future of banks: customer service bots and multipurpose terminals?

Daniel Fukson, business development manager at Lithuanian banking technology company BS/2, says that financial institutions should pay more attention to multipurpose solutions that may become an alternative for the entire bank branch. more »

"Service Desk.iQ" evaluated in the International Market

Service Desk.iQ solution, designed to optimize business processes, has successfully taken root in Ukraine. more »

Modern "talking ATMs“ - for the blind and visually impaired

Globally, now there are some 285 million blind and visually impaired people; every day they face difficulties - say, getting cash from a cash dispenser. more »